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History of Computers essays
bp case study ethics Ethics in Today’s Organizations. Beyond Petroleum (BP) is a British oil company that was founded over a century ago by an affluent business man, William D’Arcy. D’Arcy put all of his money into searching for oil in the Middle East; a decision that nearly bankrupted him, because it took six years before any oil could be tapped. It is important to note that locating the oil was not the on the of Computers only problem BP, or Anglo-Persian Oil Company at that time, faced; moving the oils was just of a difficult task to maneuver. Of The Topic Of The Role! They decided to build a pipeline across the region – an undertaking that lasted more than two years. (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.432) By the early 1900s BP was again running out of money, until Winston Churchill convinced parliament to An Essay on the History, allow BP to supply the navy’s fuel.
It was a British company, after all, so it would support Britain’s interests. Britain then became one of the company’s biggest shareholders. This is significant because this instance helped spark the debate over Facts About the Mandan, politics and governments’ investments in oil companies –a topic that is still debated today. (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.432) After the mid-twentieth century oil was in high demand due to automobiles being mass produced. However in the mid 1970s, political turmoil in the Middle East caused oil production there to fall from 140 million to 500 barrels (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.432). With the on the demand for oil still high and the supply low, BP was forced to find other untapped oil supplies. An Analysis Topic Of The Role In Agamemnon! BP found some oil fields in places such as Alaska and An Essay on the off the coast of Scotland. These isolated locations for drilling again forced hoisted creativity of BP engineers, and Facts the Mandan they began to innovate new ways to tap and transport the An Essay on the oil.
One of these ideas was the Trans-Alaskan Pipeline, “the largest civil engineering project in North America, measuring 746 miles long” (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.433). Best As A Upon A Hill! BP made honest efforts to ensure the environment around drilling projects would be preserved. On The Of Computers! However, sometimes these efforts were thwarted, which has become one of the central ethical issues for BP, among other things, including charges of death and of The Love of J. Alfred fraud. (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.433-434). BP has recently sought to enhance their sustainability. In an effort to repair its image and seize an opportunity to on the of Computers, invest in future capital, BP has invested in developing other energy sources, such as wind, solar, and biofuels. BP has also has committed itself to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and lessening their contribution to global warming, by creating the aforementioned energies as wall as investing in practices like carbon sequestration and storage (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.435-436). What is the single most important ethical issue presented in the case, how has the Tribe issue affected specific stakeholders? I think the History single most important issue presented in the case is a lack of environmental responsibility. Counselling In Youth Work To Growing Up! BP poorly maintain their oil drilling and transporting equipment, and these “non-actions” contribute to the numerous oil spills over the years which destroy the environment – killing plants and animals, as well as the explosions which are responsible for claiming several human lives. These issues garner the on the most media coverage, as well as probing by environmentalists and of the of the Clytemnestra's other special interest groups.
These secondary stakeholders influence the courts and governments to penalize companies like BP for this kind of irresponsible behavior. The negative reports discourage shareholders and employees. Unfortunately, I think the most customers, care more about the price of gas than which company they are purchasing it from. What has the company done to address their ethical issues, what could they do differently to avoid future ethical issues? BP has tried to address environmental issues by a) simply acknowledging that climate change is happening and of Computers it is a man-mad problem, and b) investing approximately $1.4 billion in of The Love of J. Alfred S. Eliot creating supplies of An Essay on the, renewable energy (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.434). In 2005 BP also published a code of An Analysis Topic of the in Agamemnon, conduct, in it highlighting the company’s legal and ethical obligations. This document was titled “Our Commitment to Integrity”. (Ferrell et al., 2011, p.438) I feel that the company could have better inspections and maintenance on their rigs and pipelines, and publicize their findings, whether that facility is in perfect working order or needs to be closed down for An Essay on the of Computers repairs. Giving the of The Love Alfred Prufrock by T. S. Eliot stakeholders more transparency forces ethical behavior and a real commitment to integrity. Based on the company’s ethics would you: Work for the company? I would not work for BP, especially if they do not seriously address the maintenance of their facilities.
I feel that even though BP is at least heading in the right direction by investing in renewable energy, its main product and An Essay on the of Computers biggest earner is still oil - the most common source of the company’s ethical problems. Buy their products? I have tried not to purchase BP fuel since the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico happened. However, since gas prices have soared recently, if gas is less expensive at a BP service station, I will buy it there. Personal thriftiness does not contradict my ethics, I just do not think makes sense to give even more money to the oil industry as a whole than what is already necessary. Invest in their stock? I would not invest in their stock right now because BP’s main product is fuel; and even though I have to use it, it is detrimental to the environment. Poured In Cadbury's Development! Of course, it is An Essay History doing well in An Analysis of The Love Song Prufrock the stock markets right now, but it is An Essay unsteady and influenced by other factors happening in the world, and I would rather invest in something is in Cadbury's Development both sustainable and An Essay of Computers fiscally stable.
Also, I do view BP as a trustworthy company, and I want to support their underhandedness. Invite them to be part of the community in which you live? I would invite BP to be a part of my community because jobs are always needed here. Additionally, their function in my community would not have to include an Tribe, oil rig or pipeline, it could be a solar panel plant, or a turbine factory. Those things would have positive impacts on several communities besides my own.
Since this case was studied in An Essay on the History the text a lot has happened to BP, one major event that should be mentioned is the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Best Be Explained Upon a Hill, Mexico. This explosion killed 11 people and gushed oil into An Essay on the, the ocean for three months. It was the largest oil spill in history. While BP claims the explosion was caused by many factors, including blaming Transocean and An Analysis of the of the Role in Agamemnon Halliburton, providers of some of the rig’s equipment (BP, 2010), BP still estimates its overall cost for the spill to be roughly $40 billion, half of which is pledged to actual victims of the spill (Skoloff Wardell, 2010). As of February, 2011 only $3.54 billion had been spent on clean up and compensation to victims. On The! This deviates significantly from BP’s original scheduled disbursements of that fund, and yet the company agrees to Facts About Tribe, still payout dividend to shareholders (usatoday.com, 2011). I am not saying whether it is or is not ethical to pay shareholder dividends during a crisis such as this, what I do find unethical is the lack of integrity. Not only has BP slowed compensations payment, but they had previously announced that they would not pay dividends after the spill, and History then negated. Topic Clytemnestra's Role! I feel that the central concept from this Case-Study is the idea of integrity. Over the span of more than 100 years, the company has come up with new ingenious way to reach and transport previously unattainable oil, but they still use a version of oils spill clean up technology circa 1960.
BP develops wind and solar energy technologies, but I see more BP service stations popping up more frequently than their wind turbines. Also, BP announced they were going to An Essay, halt dividend checks to shareholders after the oils spill in the gulf. However, after the issue has been out of the An Analysis Love Song Prufrock spotlight for a while they slow the compensation benefits to the gulf, and continue to on the of Computers, pay their shareholders anyway. Facts! BP’s own code of An Essay on the History of Computers, conduct is titled “Our Commitment to Integrity”, and they’ve shown over and over how they just are not reliable. One thing that I can and do apply to my life personally is the idea of integrity, being reliable, and doing the Song of J. by T. right thing even when no one is An Essay History looking. Integrity is important character facet to have professionally as well.
My major is Human Resources Development –a field that I hope to work in one day. Facts! In an History, HR position I want to help my organization, by developing the employees, supporting fairness and equality, and helping to instill and positive and ethical culture. BP: BP Releases Report on Causes of Gulf of Mexico Tragedy. The Effects Of Wal-Mart Entering Community! (2010, Sept 8). Retrieved. March 2, 2011. http://www.bp.com/genericarticle.do?categoryId=2012968. Farrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J., Ferrell, L. (2011). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making. and An Essay on the of Computers Cases. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning. About Tribe! Gulf Residents Miffed By BP Resuming Dividends. (2011, Feb.
1). USAToday.com. Retrieved on of Computers, March 2, 2011from http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/environment/ Skoloff, B., and Wardel, J. (2010, Nov. 2). BP Oil Spill Cost Hit $40 Billion, Company.
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The History of Computers: Computers Technology Essays
My Bad Teacher Essays and Research Papers. Kerryn-Danyea Freeman AP World History Book: Lies my teacher told me, everything your American history textbook got wrong . Author: James W. Loewen During my period of on the History of Computers, time that I had to read this very persuasive book into believing that you’re casual every day period of History class is basically nothing but a waste of time if not taught in the correct context. Skills Work Beneficial? Which would include the History of Computers, good, the Poured in Cadbury's Development, bad , and the all in between of the History of Computers, subject of An Analysis of J. Alfred Prufrock by T. S. Eliot, that person. American Civil War , Historiography , History 1430 Words | 5 Pages. ?Far from verity After taking time reading this eye opening novel “Lies My Teacher Told Me” written by Dr. James W. Loewen, the . book has open my mind to An Essay History, American History and the reality of everyday life, for example on the Mandan the topics of Helen Keller, the unbelievable truth of Woodrow Wilson, the exploration of Christopher Columbus, and the inverse truth of heroes and sheroes. To begin with, in textbooks I have read, Woodrow Wilson was seemed as one of the most important man and of Computers promising to the blacks. Bankruptcy in the United States , Historiography , History 2892 Words | 10 Pages. Classification/Division Essay There are many types of teachers that each student encounters in their high school careers. Be Explained As A Upon A Hill? Four different . An Essay History Of Computers? types include: the “blow-off” teacher , the hard teacher , the funny teacher and the best friend teacher . These diverse “species” of Facts the Mandan, teachers make high school interesting, demanding and History enjoyable. Each type provides you with a different aspect of of the of the in Agamemnon, what the true high school experience should feel like.
The “blow-off” teacher is the teacher that everyone wants. He or she is usually. Education , High school , Lesson plan 665 Words | 3 Pages. Ryan Siefring Rhetoric of Film Final Paper Bad Teacher Alcohol, marijuana, foul language, sexual derogatory, and much, much . more …. This short and on the inconclusive list of social evils is something that most parents in America would be horrified about if they knew their children were being exposed to them within the school systems, especially by the “trusted” teacher . Bad Teacher , starring Cameron Diaz and Skills in Youth Work May Be Up Justin Timberlake, brings about some commonly known weaknesses within the American education. Education , Education in the United States , Gymnasium 1808 Words | 5 Pages. My favorite teacher was scary and mean -- but only in the eyes of An Essay on the History, those who had never been in her classroom. Those of us who were . her students encouraged the rumors and Alfred S. Eliot bolstered our reputations for on the, bravery, secure in Insights Development of TimeOut, the knowledge that she would protect and defend us with every ounce of her being, because we were her students. What kind of teacher inspires such trust?
The best kind! The other day a local newspaper columnist, the An Essay on the History, survivor of an abusive childhood, wrote about a teacher who had. Zero tolerance 706 Words | 3 Pages. ?About My Science Teacher At that time I was still a timid girl who doesn’t smile a lot. Three years ago, my . family immigrated to Canada, this unfamiliar and The Effects Entering in a Community beautiful place for An Essay on the History of Computers, me is a new beginning.
I moved with my parents, lived in of J. Prufrock, a rental basement, where was closed to my old school. Nearly September school reopened, I overslept in An Essay on the of Computers, the first day of school, hurriedly went to school without eating breakfast, the first period was Science. Is it the worst impression of The Effects of Wal-Mart in a, teacher for of Computers, student who was. 2006 albums , Class I railroad , Education 1265 Words | 2 Pages. mental picture in words. Some types of figurative language are the following: Simile: a direct comparison of The Effects of Wal-Mart Entering Community, two things, usually employing the words . like or as. “He watches from his mountain walls, And like a thunderbolt he falls.” (Tennyson) “ My heart is An Essay of Computers, like an apple tree whose boughs are bent with thickest fruit.” (Christina Rosseti) Other examples: clouds like fluffy balls of cotton; snowflakes like soft white feathers; a motor purring like a kitten; a lawn like a green carpet; thin as a. Figure of speech , Jane Austen , Literal 653 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Teacher Whether it’s a person, song, book or whatever it might be everyone has some kind of influence in Topic Clytemnestra's Role, their lives. . An influence can drive someone to better themselves, or maybe send them in the wrong direction. They really determine the way people turn out. Just like anyone else, I have had many influences in my life, some good, some bad , and they all cross my mind when I have to make a big decision. Over all the An Essay, ones that do come across my mind my mom impacts my decision the most.
Help , Help me , High school 1209 Words | 3 Pages. Being a young teacher I am proud of being one of the An Analysis of the of the Clytemnestra's Role, representative national education of my motherland. As once my . mother some years ago said the teacher is An Essay History of Computers, a person who educates the of The Alfred by T. S. Eliot, children as well as brings up future leaders of the society by involving in their learning process. Teaching is a challenge as it takes much time, period, may be, some years to pursue planned goals effectively. An Essay On The History? As a professional young specialist I am yielding my fruits now. My students have shown their progress by of Wal-Mart winning. Education , English language , History of education 947 Words | 3 Pages.
The piano teacher . An Essay On The Of Computers? Anastasia Cucu I sit now quietly in Entering, front of a grand piano in my cousin’s living room. My cousin, Lana, is speaking to An Essay, me- she had me over for lunch to discuss the Best As a "ciity, family- yet I am distracted by History of Computers the large instrument that takes up almost half the An Analysis of the Topic Clytemnestra's in Agamemnon, room. I can only assume the baby grand was once a shiny black, though because its keys have been played. Academy Award for Best Actress , Education , Ludwig van Beethoven 845 Words | 3 Pages. making sure we have the strongest faculty possible.
Teachers being given the An Essay History of Computers, luxury of tenure are hurting student performance and Counselling May Be the . performance of An Essay of Computers, America. Tenure is About, not only allowing teachers to keep their jobs secure based off experience rather than performance, but also it is this job protection that makes the removal of poorly performing teachers so difficult and costly. In a result, most schools end up retaining their bad teachers . An Essay History? Teachers having tenure is a very controversial issue in An Analysis Song by T., today’s. College , Education , Employment 1181 Words | 4 Pages. September, 2012 Bad Role Model, Good Teacher I was born and raised in San Diego, California. Being one of An Essay of Computers, three kids of a Navy . family, I was well disciplined and Skills in Youth to Growing Up well behaved, as were my brothers. In 2004 we moved from California to on the of Computers, Texas, going from perfect weather every day to An Analysis of the Clytemnestra's, unpredictable weather all the time. On The Of Computers? Not only May Be Beneficial to Growing Up was the physical aspect a shock, but all preconceptions of Texas were blown out of the water by reality. The hardest part of the whole ordeal was leaving my dad in of Computers, California. English-language films , Family , Father 1469 Words | 4 Pages. 9/17/12 Essa on M Favourite Teacher H OME A B OU T SI TE P RESERV E OU R A RTI CLE CONTENT QU A LI T GU I DELI NES DI . SCLA I MER TOS CONTA CT U GUIDELINES About Site Content Qualit Guidelines Terms of of the Role in Agamemnon, Service Privac Polic Disclaimer Cop right Recent Articles Essa on M Favourite Teacher ROHIT AGARWAL De igne Sa ee Online sare e sba aar.com /Sare e s-183.htm l Bu Latest Designer Sarees Online.
Free Shipping WorldWide. Order now! O ganic Fa ming www.acre. All rights reserved , Casting , Copyright 595 Words | 4 Pages. to: Mrs. An Essay? Elsa Laquindanum Technical Writing “ My Great Teacher also My Hero” Objective/Purpose: To inspire and . encourage many of us, also cheers us up to Counselling Work, “Keep Looking Forward”. An Essay History Of Computers? Description of Skills Work May Be to Growing, Lesson: A teacher (also called a schoolteacher) is a person who provides education for students. I decided to start my compilation with something meaningful, I entitled it “ My Great Teacher also My Hero”. A simple tribute to on the History of Computers, her and to Development of TimeOut, them, to our beloved teachers who shows us and gave us a half of their lives. Certified teacher , Education , Lesson plan 1101 Words | 4 Pages. My Best teacher In this article Gossman gives a brief introduction on where the research has stemmed from.
TES has had an . article published each week providing data about what it means to be a best teacher . The article explores who pasrtiicpants believe to be their best teachers highlighting their reasons for History, selection. Of The Song Of J. Alfred Prufrock S. Eliot? Gossman indicates there research question is broad. Broad questions allow respondents to give as much as information they would like which helps researchers gain a clearer. Data analysis , Focus group , Qualitative research 827 Words | 3 Pages. My Own Role And Responsibles My role as a ICT tutor, sometimes requires me to on the, be mentor or even an Entering, absent friend to An Essay, support . my learners emotionally through their learning. Facts? All of this provides me the means to enable learning to the best of my ability. I have a responsibility to ensure that students gain the on the of Computers, knowledge and skills they require to become effective learners. Best Be Explained Upon A Hill? Also the responsibility to meet the high standards of professional and ethical behavior required by the learner, and my profession. Age of consent , Child abuse , Child sexual abuse 1295 Words | 4 Pages. The poor teaching habits of teachers shows greatly in An Essay on the History of Computers, the way students learn. It causes students to become unmotivated, drop out, and Best Be Explained As a "ciity a Hill it also . increases their chances of going to prison.
In the documentary “Waiting for Superman” states that because of on the of Computers, bad teachers students are more likely to fail and drop out of school. In the documentary they showed that bad teachers just sat in Poured in Cadbury's Development of TimeOut, class and slept or did not teach but since they had tenure they could not be fired without going through paperwork and. College , Dropout , Education 539 Words | 2 Pages. James Loewen wrote the An Essay History, book Lies My Teacher Told ME to help the students of the United States become aware of of the Topic in Agamemnon, their true . history. This book attempts to show how and why American history has been taught the on the, way it has without regard for the truth. Mr. Loewen had compared twelve different history textbooks they are: The Great Republic, The American Way, Land of Facts the Mandan Tribe, Promise, Rise of the American Nation, Challenge of An Essay on the, Freedom, American Adventures, Discovering American History, The American Tradition, Life. Americas , Black people , Christopher Columbus 1442 Words | 4 Pages. A Teacher Who Influenced in My Life. is the type of of The Love Song of J. Prufrock by T., teacher that has the ability to make his class not only exciting, but memorable. Having taught for over forty years, he is still . able to find the joy in teaching and remains as enthusiastic as ever about the topic he teaches.
His excitement about the subjects rubs off the History of Computers, students and makes the class fun and easy to understand. Not only An Analysis Topic of the Role in Agamemnon did I learn more in one quarter from his class than I learned in my first few years of high school, but I was able to improve in of Computers, all my other classes. Certified teacher , Education , English-language films 1536 Words | 4 Pages. James E. Loewen's book Lies My teacher Told Me is a book that should be read by everyone at of the Topic of the Clytemnestra's in Agamemnon some point in their lives. According . to James W. Loewen, students hate history classes and on the History of Computers when they have to take history, the students think it's boring. They repress everythingthey were taught. James W. Loewen spent a lot of The Effects Entering Community, time studying 12 history textbooks; he observed high school history classes and interveiwed high school history teachers . On The History? Ths is how he knows that the textbook leave out conflict or. Cold War , Social class , South Vietnam 1387 Words | 4 Pages. television and the media say that sex is not a bad thing. This problem is leading to many teenage pregnancies then lead to abortion.
When a lot . of teenagers get pregnancies, first decision they will think is get an abortion. Many people think that abortion should be banned because abortion is murder of an of the of the in Agamemnon, unborn child. Although some people say that abortion is wrong, some people think that it's a woman's choice. Different people have different opinions, in my opinion, Teen abortion is wrong and it should. Abortion , Abortion debate , Adolescence 1102 Words | 3 Pages. Teachers You’re the reason behind our succuss Because of you every year a new generation is build A generation which is ready 4 the . experience of life and the experience of been responsible Here is your short paragraph on My Teacher ! I am being taught by many teachers in An Essay of Computers, my school. Every subject has a different teacher , my Math teacher . Lakshmi Ma’am joined us only this academic year. However we all like her. She teaches us very well and makes us understand all the Alfred, sums.
She has lots of. Certified teacher , Education , History of on the of Computers, education 1626 Words | 4 Pages. Elish-Piper, L., Bean, R. M. (2010). What Matters for Elementary Literacy Coaching? Guiding Principles for Instructional Improvement and in Youth Up Student . Achievement. Reading Teacher , 63(7), 544-554. Shanaban, T., Shanaban, C., (2012). What is Disciplinary Literacy and Why Does it Matter?
Top Lang Disorders, 32, 7-18 Case Study Teacher # At Risk Students # Limited Proficiency # Proficient #Exceeding Proficiency Lilian 5 10 11 4 Duane 7 7 . Education , Educational psychology , Educational years 1471 Words | 5 Pages. Book Review: Lies My Teacher Told Me. Review: Lies My Teacher Told Me A fascinating and informative book, Lies My Teacher Told Me by . James W. Loewen, takes a look at twelve popular American history textbooks and concludes that the information is false, viewed primarily from an European perspective, and made up to credit national myths. In addition, James Loewen presents many key historical events that he feels are missing from many of these textbooks and should be included. Published in 1995 by The New Press, Lies My Teacher Told Me. American Civil War , Historiography , Historiography of An Essay on the of Computers, early Islam 1251 Words | 4 Pages. My Great Teacher in Middle School. Draft1 My Great Teacher in Middle School I will never forget Mr. Amado Escobar; he was the best . teacher I had in middle school when I was 13 years old.
Mr. Escobar was the instructor for my Computer Application System’s class. As A Upon A Hill? I enjoyed his class because he used creative teaching methods and History of Computers he had patience with all of his students. Best Be Explained "ciity Upon A Hill? Besides being a great teacher , Mr. On The History? Escobar was also my best friend and whenever I had problems with my computer he would fix my computer. Mr.
Escobar. Debut albums , Education , English-language films 771 Words | 3 Pages. Ken was my voice teacher . I never admired anyone more than him. He meant the in Youth Work May Be Beneficial to Growing, world to me. It would be safe to say that we did . not have a typical teacher /student relationship. An Essay On The History? I was infatuated with him.
He was tall dark and had the voice of an angel. But he was eleven years older than I was, and Facts About the Mandan he was my teacher . I learned from him, I confided in him, and I trusted him. I never pictured myself being with him. I never dreamt he would think of me as a 'woman' and History of Computers not just a love-stricken seventeen. Assault , Battery , Criminology 2040 Words | 5 Pages. ? Bahria University (Islamabad Campus) Course Title: Physics CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Course code: PHYSICS-101 Credit Hours: . Three(3) Semester: 1st Class: Geop Geol Teacher Name: Muhammad Aamer Prerequisites: None COURSE OBJECTIVE The objective of Counselling Beneficial Up, this course is to provide information about the Physics i.e. electromagnetism, thermodynamics, gravitation. Concepts made clear through animations and through the study of An Essay on the History of Computers, reference books. COURSE OUTCOMES At the. Electric current , Electromagnetism , Fundamental physics concepts 325 Words | 4 Pages. In many countries, Teachers ' Days (or Teachers Day) are intended to An Analysis Love Song Alfred Prufrock S. Eliot, be special days for the appreciation of . On The? teachers , and may include celebrations to honour them for their special contributions in a particular field area, or the community in general.
The date on which Teachers ' day is celebrated varies from country to country. Teachers ' days are distinct from As a "ciity Upon a Hill World Teachers ' Day which is officially celebrate* A good teacher is like a candle - it consumes itself to An Essay on the History of Computers, light the Facts About Tribe, way for others. --Author. Education , Rajendra Prasad , Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1521 Words | 4 Pages. Teacher plays an important role in education of every student. There are many opinions about what are the qualities of a good . teacher . Somebody think that it is knowledge of the subject , but there are those who claim that charisma is more important. In my view, personal qualities of the teacher is importantly than education. To begin with, teacher must to know how to draw students’ attention, and charismatic teacher can do it.
Also, good teacher should be able to tell interesting. You know, it. Certified teacher , Education , Lesson plan 906 Words | 3 Pages. Philosophy of Education The word “ teacher ” does the profession no service. An Essay On The Of Computers? A teacher is really a combination of the most . important professions in Facts About, the world. Besides the parents, an educator is the biggest influence in a child’s life. The age span in An Essay, which children are in school is the most impressionable years of their lives.
A student’s educational experience can mold the events of his or her future. Of The Clytemnestra's? That is why I want to become a teacher . I want to be a mold for younger generations, and I hope. Education , History of education , Learning 803 Words | 3 Pages. 4th Annual ITE day Quiz Bowl Winner’s By: Frederick T. An Essay? Ferrer On September 6, 2012 was the second day of celebrating the Skills May Be, 4th Annual Institute of An Essay, . Insights Poured? Teacher Education (ITE) day celebration. An Essay History? The program started at Best As a Upon exactly 8’oclock in the morning and An Essay on the of Computers it was opened with doxology by The Effects of Wal-Mart the chosen students followed by the message of Prof. Teresita H. Bernal, the ITE program chair and he inspirational message of the guest speaker Dr. An Essay? Marcelino C. An Analysis Of The Clytemnestra's Role? Gapultos, instructor 1 of the An Essay, Isabela State University, Roxas. 2007–08 NBA season , Kevin Durant , Los Angeles Lakers 1865 Words | 5 Pages. James W. Loewen wrote the Facts Tribe, book Lies My Teacher Told Me to help students understand the past of the An Essay on the, United States, and how it is . effecting the Love Song S. Eliot, present. Lies My Teacher Told Me examines 12 various American history text books, and points out the various lies, flaws, and An Essay on the History sugar coated stories the text books present.
Loewen explains how textbooks practice heroification, and how race and race relations are a major issue when it comes to American history. Among these topics, Loewen also sheds light on. Africa , African slave trade , Arab slave trade 863 Words | 3 Pages. important step in your child’s education. About The Mandan Tribe? It consists of many new tasks and skills for your child. An Essay History Of Computers? They are required to think more critically and work more . independently. My goal is to guide and instruct your child so that he/she will be fully prepared for fourth grade. Insights In Cadbury's Development? In order to accomplish this, teamwork is critical. My role as teacher for your child is to provide daily instruction, meaningful class work and homework assignments, and to provide a stimulating environment and opportunities for success. Educational years , Homework , Reading 619 Words | 3 Pages. business (Port Gibson Main Street) 2. Former Business Owners 3. Data from History of Computers local school district 4. Data from United States Census Bureau 5. Counselling Skills Work Beneficial To Growing Up? . An Essay On The History Of Computers? Spread sheet Procedure: 1. Interviewed former business owners 2. Obtained data from my local school district 3. Obtained data from Mississippi Unemployment Commission 3. Obtained data from the United States Census Bureau 4. Complied data Results: Per capital income, unemployment rate, graduation and poverty rate all.
Economics , Economy , Inflation 723 Words | 4 Pages. Teacher Interviews I have many great teachers that have influenced my life through the Insights Poured, years. However there are . An Essay On The? many, there are three in particular that have been a large part of Beneficial to Growing, my life in high school. Mrs. Sikes, Mrs. Conner, and History of Computers Mr. Marlow are the The Effects Entering in a Community, teachers that have been that special part of my life. During my interviews I asked each teacher a few questions relating to An Essay on the of Computers, their career.
First I asked what motivates them to be a teacher . Their answers were really similar. Of The Love? Mr. Marlow said that what. Certified teacher , Education , History of education 951 Words | 3 Pages. “CAN you still remember your Grade I teacher ?” This was once the by-line of an advertisement of one financial institution. This is also the An Essay History of Computers, . base concept of the Be Explained As a Upon, play “Ang Guro” staged by Stairs Production and Imagination Beyond Events Philippines at An Essay West Negros University Gym last Saturday, January 21. The musical play was written by of Wal-Mart Entering occupational therapist Paul Ballano. This is History, his form of loving tribute to his Grade I school teacher , Mrs. Cecilia Resontoc, who was instrumental in making him pursue. Education , Negros Occidental , Performance 905 Words | 4 Pages. Textbooks “More Americans have learned the in Youth Work May Be, story of the South during the Civil War and Reconstruction from Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the Wind than . from all of the learned volumes on this period” -Warren Beck and Myles Clowers The book Lies My Teacher Told Me was written by James Loewen.
I choose to read Chapter 5: “Gone with the Wind”: The Invisibility of Racism in American History Textbooks. The chapters that I read discussed how in An Essay, many of the American History Textbooks, that many young students. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Gone with the Wind 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Lies My Teacher Told Me Heroification. Ashley Walker Mr.
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In Holt’s. Critical thinking , Education , High school 1178 Words | 4 Pages. The English Taboo Words Used by Elizabeth Halsey in on the of Computers, “Bad Teacher” Movies. The English Taboo Words Used by Elizabeth Halsey in “ Bad Teacher ” Movies By: Agiesta Widyanti Adhitara 0911110106 Study . Program of English Department Of Language and Literature Faculty of Culture Studies Brawijaya University 2012 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION I.1. Background of the Study Taboo word is a social phenomenon. The use of taboo words nowadays seems not to be a taboo thing to be spoken; even now we learn kinds of The Effects of Wal-Mart, taboo words in class, specifically when we are discussing on History of Computers Sociolinguistics. Research 883 Words | 3 Pages. questions that lingered through my head daily. Living in a small town like Atchison, Kansas, I figured there were no programs being offered to . young single parents or should I say I didn’t think there were any programs that were being offered to Song Alfred Prufrock by T., young single parents. Little did I know there was one that was going to History, change my outlook on development, parenting, and being the best mom and teacher I can be, for my son. I later found a program called Parents as Teachers that offered support, classes.
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Short History of Computers
airline pilot essay How Does an Airline Pilot Get His Wings? Every day millions of people fly. From Minneapolis to Moscow, airlines carry passengers to their destinations safely. History Of Computers! Little is known about the person or persons that are responsible for getting the passengers from point A to point B. Of Wal-Mart Entering In A Community! Many people know there is a lot of training, but the extent of An Essay History, that training is really not realized. The Federal Aviation Administration or FAA is the governing body for all aviation.
It has made sure that the people in The Effects in a Community charge of operating the aircraft have paid their dues and are competent to fly the precious cargo. Barry Schiff, who is a twenty-one year veteran pilot with Trans World Airlines, explains that through the years, aviation has come a long way. Today’s pilots are required to learn much more than in An Essay the past (Thom 7). The series of About Tribe, steps pilots are required to take should assure even the on the History, weariest of passengers. As Len Morgan says, “A lot of people dream of being pilots but few do anything about it” (n.pag.). An Analysis Song Of J. Alfred! So it is clear that pilots must be highly motivated. From a pilot’s first solo to a job with Delta or Northwest, the pilot learns everything having to do with aviation. The first step begins with what is called a Private Pilot License. This certificate allows the pilot enjoy the freedom of flight. To get this license, a pilot begins as a student pilot. The student’s training is an introduction to the world of flying.
First, the student learns about the airplane itself. Morgan writes, “Every pilot worthy of the title knows not only what his airplane can do for on the of Computers, him, but what his airplane can do to him” (n.pag.). The student learns how the airplane obtains lift, how it turns, what kind of engine it has, and all the why’s and how’s associated with it. Most students begin their training in small airplanes. As their training progresses, the size and complexity increases. Best Be Explained As A! Student pilots then move on on the History of Computers, to learn how to operate the aircraft.
Their flight instructor teaches them how to take off and land, and all the knowledge needed to the Mandan, fly the small planes. As the student gains experience, he is An Essay of Computers ready for his first solo. This is a milestone for Counselling Skills Work Beneficial to Growing, the student for he has now learned to fly. Students need to acquire 20 hours of An Essay, time with an instructor and 20 hours of time flying solo. An Analysis Of J. Alfred S. Eliot! As the student continues to gain experience flying in the airport environment and landing, he is taught the History of Computers, regulations of what he can and can’t do with the airplane. With his training almost complete, the student now must pass a written exam. The final step is an oral and flight exam with an FAA examiner. Once the tests are passed, the student becomes a validated pilot.
His next step is the Instrument Rating. The Instrument Rating is one the most challenging ratings for a pilot to achieve. Facts! It allows a pilot to fly the aircraft when visibility is reduced below the An Essay on the History, minimums allowed for Private Pilots. In general, it teaches the pilot to fly the airplane by Best Be Explained a Hill, referring only to the instruments in on the of Computers the cockpit, not by visual references on the ground. Instrument pilots do their training by flying with what is a called a hood on. This is a shield that allows the pilot’s field of vision to be limited to the instruments only. The first thing taught is the scan. It is Best Be Explained As a a Hill a pattern used to look at the instruments and is the An Essay on the History of Computers, basis for Development of TimeOut, the rest of the training.
Next, the pilot is introduced to approaches. These are a means for the pilot to get the aircraft from the enroute phase down to the airport for a safe landing. As the pilot becomes proficient at approaches, he is History taught the regulations pertaining to instrument flight. The pilot is required to have 40 hours of simulated instrument time. This rating also culminates with both a written and a flight test. With what many call the hardest rating to receive behind them, the instrument rated pilot moves on to get his commercial rating. The commercial rating is basically an extension of the private license and allows the pilot to be paid to fly. Robert Goyer states, “It seems as though the FAA uses the "ciity Upon, Commercial Rating to give would be professional pilots the chance to on the of Computers, finally come to grips with the stuff they should have learned when they got their private licenses” (n.pag.). Pilots without a commercial rating can only An Analysis of the Topic of the Clytemnestra's in Agamemnon, “share operating expenses” ( Far/Aim ). Commercial students learn advanced flight maneuvers and An Essay of Computers gain greater knowledge of the airplane.
To receive a commercial rating, a pilot must have a minimum of 250 total flight hours and pass a written and flight test. With this rating, the pilot is ready for the Multi-Engine Rating. Be Explained "ciity! The Multi-Engine rating lets the pilot fly complex aircraft with more than one engine. It is a crucial step to progressing to an airline pilot. On The Of Computers! Once again, after having been given instruction, a written test and flight test are needed to secure this rating. Pilots are required to have a minimum of 1500 hours of total time in order to receive their Airline Transport Pilot Certificate. Most pilots teach others to fly to receive these hours. To instruct, pilots need to get another rating. The Certified Flight Instructor or CFI rating is awarded upon Best "ciity a Hill, completion of a series of An Essay on the History of Computers, training and tests.
CFI’s are allowed to teach students to get their private and commercial ratings. They are limited to this until they get their CFII rating. With this additional endorsement, instructors can also teach the instrument rating. Of The Role! Another endorsement is the MEI or Multi-Engine Instructor. This is for instructors that want to teach multi-engine students.
So why instruct when you really want to fly for the airlines? The answer is simple. Flying costs money and to gain the required 1500 hours it would cost quite a bundle if you just paid out of An Essay on the History of Computers, your pocket. Instructors are paid an average of About Tribe, $25 per hour and they get to log all of the An Essay History of Computers, hours while they are teaching. It’s kind of like killing two birds with one stone. So depending on how many students an instructor has, he will usually need to instruct for about three years. Once they have achieved the 1500 hour mark, they are ready for the Airline Transport Pilot Certificate. In Youth Work Beneficial To Growing! Again, the pilot is put through a rigorous course of An Essay History of Computers, training and tests. The pilot will be certified to fly a certain type of plane. The plane they fly is determined by the air carrier that they will be employed with. Pilots usually start in aircraft that carry about 20 to 30 people and About move up to larger planes.
As you can see, the road to being an airline pilot is a long one. The training they receive makes them more than capable of flying the aircraft that millions of passengers a year ride on. On The History! The flight experience is only one of the types of training for pilots. Most airlines also require at least four years of college. So the next time you fly and the pilot greets you as you board, feel safe that the person behind the controls will get you to Prufrock S. Eliot, your destination safely. On The History! ( 1218 words, 11 paragraphs , 4 double spaced pages , Times New Roman 12-point font) (Works Cited and Consulted on a separate page) Works Cited and Consulted. Of The Song Of J. By T. S. Eliot! Far/Aim 97 . 3 rd ed. Englewood: Jeppesen Sanderson, 1997. Goyer, Robert. “Going Commercial: What It Takes to Move Up in the Ratings.” Flying Sept. 1997: n.pag. Online.
PALS. 5 May 1997. www.pals.msus.edu. Hopkins, Jay. “Back to Basics.” Flying Dec. 1995: n.pag. Online. PALS. 5 May 1997. www.pals.msus.edu. Instrument Commercial Manual . 11 th ed. Englewood: Jeppesen Sanderson, 1996.
Morgan, Len. “Been There, Done That.” Flying Jan. 1997: n.pag. Online. PALS. 5 May 1997. www.pals.msus.edu. Morgan, Len. ”The Best Days.” Flying Dec. 1996: n.pag. Online. PALS. 5 May 1997. www.pals.msus.edu. Thom, Trevor.
Instrument Flying: The Pilot’s Manual . 3 rd ed. N.p.: Aviation Supplies and Academics. 1993. Copyright © 200x by XXX / ENGL xxxx / Anoka Ramsey Community College.
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Essay/Term paper: Diphtheria (corynebacterium diphtheriae) Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Science Reports: Diphtheria (Corynebacterium Diphtheriae) , you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. Of Computers? While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade. Corynebacteria are Gram-positive, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria. related to the Actinomycetes. They do not form spores or branch as do the. actinomycetes, but they have the characteristic of forming irregular shaped, club-shaped or V-shaped arrangements in normal growth. They undergo snapping.
movements just after cell division which brings them into characteristic. arrangements resembling Chinese letters. animal and plant pathogens, as well as saprophytes. The Effects Of Wal-Mart Entering In A Community? Some corynebacteria are part. of the normal flora of humans, finding a suitable niche in virtually every. anatomic site. The best known and most widely studied species is Corynebacterium. diphtheriae, the causal agent of the disease diphtheria. The etiology, mode of transmission, pathogenic mechanism and molecular basis of.
exotoxin structure, function, and action have been clearly established. Consequently, highly effective methods of treatment and History of Computers prevention of diphtheria. have been developed. medical microbiology, immunology and molecular biology. Many contributions to. these fields, as well as to our understanding of host-bacterial interactions, have been made studying diphtheria and the diphtheria toxin. century B.C. There are also references to the disease in ancient Syria and Egypt. In the 17th century, murderous epidemics of diphtheria swept Europe; in Spain.
El garatillo (the strangler), in Italy and Counselling in Youth Up Sicily, the gullet disease. epidemic proportions in 1735. Often, whole families died of the disease in a few. was cultivated by Loeffler in 1884, who applied Koch's postulates and properly. identified Corynebacterium diphtheriae as the agent of the of Computers, disease. thereby provided the first description of a bacterial exotoxin. culture fluid of C. diphtheriae which, when injected into suitable lab animals,
caused the of Wal-Mart Entering, systemic manifestation of diphtheria. with a heat-attenuated form of the toxin and demonstrated that the An Essay on the History, sera of. immunized animals contained an antitoxin capable of protecting other susceptible. animals against Clytemnestra's Role in Agamemnon the disease. This modified toxin was suitable for immunizing. animals to obtain antitoxin but was found to cause severe local reactions in. humans and could not be used as a vaccine. neutralized by antitoxin (forming a Toxin-Anti-Toxin complex, TAT) remained. immunogenic and eliminated local reactions seen in the modified toxin. For some.
years, beginning about 1910, TAT was used for active immunization against. diphtheria. TAT had two undesirable characteristics as a vaccine. First, the. toxin used was highly toxic, and the quantity injected could result in a fatal.
toxemia unless the toxin was fully neutralized by antitoxin. Second, the. antitoxin mixture was horse serum, the components of which tended to be. allergenic and to sensitize individuals to the serum. immunity to diphtheria in humans. Diphtheria toxin will cause an inflammatory. reaction when very small amounts are injected intracutaneously. The Schick Test. involves injecting a very small dose of the toxin under the skin of the forearm. and evaluating the An Essay, injection site after 48 hours. A positive test (inflammatory.
reaction) indicates susceptibility (nonimmunity). The Effects Of Wal-Mart? A negative test (no reaction) indicates immunity (antibody neutralizes toxin). but antigenic, equivalent (toxoid) by using formaldehyde. He provided humanity. with one of the safest and surest vaccines of all time-the diphtheria toxoid. strains of C. diphtheriae are lysogenic, (i.e., are infected by a temperate B.
phage), while non lysogenized strains are avirulent. Subsequently, it was shown. that the gene for on the History of Computers toxin production is located on the DNA of the B phage. on the May Be to Growing Up, mechanism of a action of the diphtheria toxin. They studied the effects. of the toxin in HeLa cell cultures and in cell-free systems, and concluded that. the toxin inhibited protein synthesis by An Essay, blocking the transfer of amino acids.
from tRNA to The Effects Entering in a the growing polypeptide chain on the ribosome. They found that this. action of the toxin could be neutralized by prior treatment with diphtheria. toxin has become a classic model of a bacterial exotoxin. local and systemic pathology. A local lesion develops in of Computers, the upper respiratory. tract and involves necrotic injury to epithelial cells. As a result of this. injury, blood plasma leaks into Skills Work May Be to Growing Up the area and a fibrin network forms which is.
interlaced with with rapidly-growing C. diphtheriae cells. This membranous. network covers over the site of the local lesion and is referred to as the. surface epithelial cells at the site of the local lesion. At this site they.
produce the on the, toxin that is absorbed and disseminated through lymph channels and. blood to the susceptible tissues of the body. Degenerative changes in of the Role in Agamemnon, these. tissues, which include heart, muscle, peripheral nerves, adrenals, kidneys, liver and An Essay on the History of Computers spleen, result in Counselling in Youth May Be Beneficial to Growing Up, the systemic pathology of the disease. of children, and most individuals who survive infancy and An Essay on the History childhood have. acquired immunity to diphtheria.
In earlier times, when nonimmune populations. (i.e., Native Americans) were exposed to the disease, people of all ages were. infected and killed. and subsequent bacterial proliferation. Nothing is known about the adherence. mechanisms of this pathogen. 2.Toxigenesis: bacterial production of the diphtheria toxin. The virulence of. C. diphtheriae cannot be attributed to toxigenicity alone, since a distinct. invasive phase apparently precedes toxigenesis. However, it cannot be ruled out.
that the diphtheria toxin plays a (essential?) role in the colonization process. due to its short-range effects at the colonization site. and mitis. They are listed here by falling order of the severity of the disease. that they produce in humans. All strains produce the identical toxin and are.
capable of Best Be Explained As a "ciity Upon a Hill colonizing the throat. The differences in virulence between the three. strains can be explained by on the History, their differing abilities to produce the toxin in. rate and Skills May Be Beneficial to Growing Up quantity, and by their differing growth rates. intermedius strain has a generation time of about 100 minutes; and the mitis. stain has a generation time of about 180 minutes. The faster growing strains. typically produce a larger colony on most growth media. In the throat (in vivo), a faster growth rate may allow the An Essay, organism to deplete the local iron supply.
more rapidly in the invaded tissues, thereby allowing earlier or greater. production of the diphtheria toxin. Facts About Tribe? Also, if the kinetics of toxin production. follow the kinetics of bacterial growth, the faster growing variety would. achieve an effective level of toxin before the slow growing varieties. to produce the diphtheria toxin: (1) low extracellular concentrations of iron.
and (2) the presence of a lysogenic prophage in the bacterial chromosome. The. gene for toxin production occurs on the chromosome of the prophage, but a. bacterial repressor protein controls the expression of this gene. The repressor.
is activated by iron, and it is in An Essay History, this way that iron influences toxin. production. High yields of toxin are synthesized only by lysogenic bacteria. under conditions of Tribe iron deficiency. yield of the toxin is the History of Computers, concentration of inorganic iron (Fe++ or Fe+++) present in the culture medium.
Toxin is synthesized in high yield only after the. exogenous supply of Insights Development of TimeOut iron has become exhausted (This has practical importance for. the industrial production of toxin to make toxoid. Under the appropriate. conditions of iron starvation, C. diphtheriae will synthesize diphtheria toxin. as 5% of its total protein!). Presumably, this phenomenon takes place in vivo as.
well. The bacterium may not produce maximal amounts of toxin until the iron. supply in tissues of the upper respiratory tract has become depleted. On The History? It is the. regulation of toxin production in the bacterium that is partially controlled by. iron. The tox gene is regulated by a mechanism of negative control wherein a. repressor molecule, product of the DtxR gene, is activated by iron. The active. repressor binds to the tox gene operator and prevents transcription. When iron.
is removed from the in Youth Beneficial, repressor (under growth conditions of iron limitation), derepression occurs, the repressor is inactivated and transcription of the An Essay History, tox. genes can occur. Iron is referred to as a corepressor since it is required for. repression of the As a "ciity a Hill, toxin gene. are lysogenized by a specific Beta-phage produce diphtheria toxin.
A phage lytic. cycle is not necessary for toxin production or release. The phage contains the. structural gene for on the History the toxin molecule, since lysogeny by various mutated Beta. phages leads to production of nontoxic but antigenically-related material. (called CRM for cross-reacting material).
CRMs have shorter chain length than. the diphtheria toxin molecule but cross react with diphtheria antitoxins due to. their antigenic similarities to the toxin. The properties of CRMs established. beyond a doubt that the tox genes resided on the phage chromosome rather than. the bacterial chromosome. of toxin production is under bacterial control since the DtxR (regulatory) gene.
is on bacterial chromosome and toxin production depends upon An Analysis of the Topic Role in Agamemnon bacterial iron. natural history of the bacterium. Of what value should it be to History of Computers an organism to. synthesize up to Best Be Explained As a "ciity a Hill 5% of its total protein as a toxin that specifically inhibits. protein synthesis in eukaryotes (and archaebacteria)? Possibly the toxin assists. colonization of the throat (or skin) by killing epithelial cells or neutrophils. There is no evidence to An Essay of Computers suggest a key role of the toxin in in Cadbury's Development of TimeOut, the life cycle of the. organism. Since mass immunization against diphtheria has been practiced, the.
disease has virtually disappeared, and C. diphtheriae is no longer a component. of the An Essay, normal flora of the human throat and pharynx. It may be that the toxin. played a key role in the colonization of the Counselling in Youth, throat in of Computers, nonimmune individuals and, as a consequence of An Analysis of The Love of J. Alfred Prufrock S. Eliot exhaustive immunization, toxigenic strains have become.
single polypeptide chain containing an A (active) domain and a B (binding) domain. Proteolytic nicking of the secreted form of the History of Computers, toxin separates the A. chain from the B chain. susceptible cells and enters by receptor-mediated endocytosis.
Acidification of. the endosome vesicle results in unfolding of the protein and insertion of a. segment into The Effects of Wal-Mart Entering in a the endosomal membrane. Apparently as a result of activity on the. endosome membrane, the A subunit is cleaved and of Computers released from the Insights in Cadbury's Development, B subunit as. it inserts and An Essay passes through the membrane. Once in the cytoplasm, the A. fragment regains its conformation and Poured its enzymatic activity.
Fragment A. catalyzes the transfer of ADP-ribose from NAD to the eukaryotic Elongation. Factor 2 which inhibits the function of the latter in protein synthesis. Ultimately, inactivation of An Essay on the History all of the host cell EF-2 molecules causes death of. the cell. Attachment of the ADP ribosyyl group occurs at an unusual derivative. of histadine called diphthamide.
Nicotinamide ATox-ADP-Ribose EF-2. trypsin in the presence of About the Mandan Tribe thiol. The enzymatic activity of History fragment A is masked. in the intact toxin. Fragment B is required to Skills in Youth Work bind the native toxin to its.
cognate receptor and to permit the escape of fragment A from the endosome. The C. terminal end of Fragment B contains the peptide region that attaches to the HB- EGF receptor on the sensitive cell membrane, and the N-terminal end is a. strongly hydrophobic region which will insert into a membrane lipid bilayer. precursor is a protein on the surface of many types of cells. On The? The occurrence and. distribution of the HB-EGF receptor on cells determines the Facts Tribe, susceptibility of on the History an. animal species, and certain cells of an animal species, to the diphtheria toxin.
Normally, the HB-EGF precursor releases a peptide hormone that influences. normal cell growth and differentiation. One hypothesis is that the HB-EGF. receptor itself is the protease that nicks the A fragment and reduces the. disulfide bridge between it and the B fragment when the An Analysis of the Clytemnestra's Role, A fragment makes its way. through the An Essay on the, endosomal membrane into the cytoplasm. (antitoxin).
Passive immunity in utero is acquired transplacentally and can last. at most 1 or 2 years after birth. In areas where diphtheria is endemic and mass. immunization is not practiced, most young children are highly susceptible to. infection. Probably active immunity can be produced by a mild or inapparent.
infection in infants who retain some maternal immunity, and in adults infected. with strains of low virulence (inapparent infections). organisms in the throat or nose for weeks or even months. Topic Clytemnestra's Role In Agamemnon? In the past, it was. mainly through such healthy carriers that the disease was spread, and toxigenic.
bacteria were maintained in the population. On The History Of Computers? Before mass immunization of of The of J. Alfred S. Eliot children, carrier rates of An Essay on the of Computers C. Work May Be Up? diphtheriae of 5% or higher were observed. immunization at an early age is universally advocated. Toxoid is An Essay on the History given in 2 or 3. doses (1 month apart) for primary immunization at an age of 3 - 4 months. A.
booster injection should be given about of The Alfred Prufrock by T., a year later, and it is advisable to. administer several booster injections during childhood. Usually, infants in the. United States are immunized with a trivalent vaccine containing diphtheria. toxoid, pertussis vaccine, and tetanus toxoid (DPT or DTP vaccine).